La capacidad moral más exigente: ¿Podría la evolución proporcionar alguna base?



Palabras clave:

contenidos mentales de los otros, discurso dirigido a uno mismo, altruismo espontáneo, Teoría de la Mente, expectativas vicarias


Los intentos de hacer compatibles la moral y la evolución han asimilado la capacidad moral con el autocontrol complejo en favor de las metas propias o con el altruismo espontáneo. Esos intentos se enfrentan a un problema fácil, puesto que esos dos sentidos de la moral son adaptativamente ventajosos. En cambio, las decisiones que van contra las propias metas de uno son desventajosas. A pesar de ello, ¿pudo surgir en la evolución una base, por pobre y débil que fuera, para esta capacidad? Propongo que tal base, si bien no es una ventaja adaptativa en principio, sino más bien lo contrario, surge de la convergencia entre dos habilidades que en sus respectivos orígenes sí eran muy ventajosas adaptativamente: el modo avanzado de la teoría de la mente (ToM) y el habla interior.


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Cómo citar

Bejarano, Teresa. 2022. «La Capacidad Moral más Exigente: ¿Podría La evolución Proporcionar Alguna Base?». Isidorianum 31 (2). Sevilla, España:91-126.